Today, small-scale to large-scale farmers use a variety of agricultural machinery to complete a variety of duties at farms. It can be difficult to imagine tasks being finished on schedule for farming operations on big farms.
Agricultural machinery has played a significant role in transforming the agricultural industry. These machines have helped farmers increase their productivity, reduce labor costs, and improve efficiency. The use of agricultural machinery has revolutionized the way we grow crops and raise livestock, making farming more efficient, productive, and profitable.
The most common agricultural machinery has been discussed here.
The most popular form of farming equipment is the tractor. They are used for a variety of tasks such as plowing, tilling, planting, and harvesting crops. Tractors come in different sizes and horsepower and can be either wheeled or tracked. The biggest part of agricultural machinery and the engine of any contemporary farm is the tractor. To mechanize agricultural activities, tractors are employed to supply the necessary power and traction.
The most common types of tractors are utility tractors and row crop tractors. Utility tractors are versatile machines used for a variety of tasks, such as mowing, landscaping, and transportation. Row-crop tractors are used for row-crop cultivation and are typically used for planting, harvesting, and tilling.
- Harvesters :
Harvesters are machines used for harvesting crops such as wheat, corn, rice, and soybeans. They are available in different types such as combine harvesters, forage harvesters, and cotton pickers.
The most common type of harvester is a combine. They are used for Combine harvesters and are the most common type of harvester. They are used for harvesting wheat, corn, and other grains. These machines are equipped with a cutting platform, threshing cylinder, and cleaning system. The combine harvester cuts and separates the grain from the straw, and then cleans the grain before depositing it in a bin.
Forage harvesters are used for harvesting forage crops such as alfalfa, corn, and grasses. These machines cut and chop the crops into small pieces for livestock feed.
Cotton pickers are used for harvesting cotton crops. These machines use spindles to remove the cotton from the plants and then clean and package the cotton for transportation.
- Ploughs :
Ploughs are agricultural tools used for tilling and preparing the soil for planting.There are different types of ploughs, including moldboard ploughs, chisel ploughs, disc ploughs, and subsoilers. Moldboard ploughs are the most common type and are used for creating a smooth seedbed for planting crops.
Chisel ploughs are effective in breaking up hardpan soil layers, while disc ploughs are used for breaking up tough, compacted soil. Subsoilers are designed for deep tillage and improving soil aeration without disturbing the soil surface. Ploughs continue to be an essential tool in modern agriculture for preparing the soil for planting.
- Harrows :
Harrows are agricultural tools used for smoothing and leveling soil, breaking up clods, and removing weeds. They consist of a series of metal teeth or discs that are attached to a frame and pulled behind a tractor. Harrows come in different types, including spike harrows, disc harrows, and tine harrows.