According to the MRFR analysis, Global Dyes Pigments Market was valued at USD 34.2 Billion in 2019 and is projected to witness a CAGR of over 5% during the forecast period, 2023–2027.
The protuberant factor driving the growth of the global market is the high demand for dyes pigments in the textile industry, prominently in Asia-Pacific and the developing economies of the Middle East Africa and Latin America. Moreover, the prospering textile industry in Asia-Pacific and the Middle East Africa on account of the availability of skilled and low-cost labor, favorable macroeconomic conditions, and abundant availability of natural resources (for fabric manufacturing such as cotton and jute) are further expected to boost demand for textile dyes in the textile industry in these regions. The rising demand for printing inks in the textile industry owing to the rising concerns over water pollution and wastage caused due to the use of synthetic dyes has been driving the demand for pigments in digital textile printing. Furthermore, the rising demand for pigments in the paints coatings industry on account of the expanding residential construction and infrastructure projects in the emerging economies of Asia-Pacific is likely to drive the market growth during the forecast period.
However, the stringent regulations pertaining to the use of synthetic dyes and the volatile raw material prices are expected to be the key challenges for the market growth in the years to follow.
- Dyes: Dyes are an important class of synthetic organic compounds that are used in a variety of industries, including textiles, leather, inks, and paper. The segment held the larger share of the market, around 65 to 70%, in 2019. Dyes are generally divided as natural and synthetic dyes, wherein the synthetic dyes being used in a larger amount as compared to natural ones. However, with the rising concerns over the use of synthetic dyes and the shift towards sustainable clothing has driven the demand for natural dyes.
The dyes segment is further classified based on application methods into reactive dyes, disperse dyes, acid dyes, and direct dyes, among others.
- Reactive Dyes: Reactive dyes differ from other class of dyes in that their molecules contain one or more reactive groups capable of forming a covalent bond with a compatible fiber group. Reactive dyes are widely used in the textile industry owing to the high wet-fastness and its ability to impart long-lasting color. Reactive dyes are the most permanent of all dye types and are also the most widely used type of dye used on cotton and other cellulose fibers.
- Disperse Dyes: Disperse dyes are nonionic dyes used to color synthetic yarns and fabrics such as nylon, polyester, and acrylics. These dyes generally contain azo, anthraquinone, and nitro groups, and are water-insoluble, relying on dispersing agents to spread the color molecules in water.
- Acid Dyes: Acid dyes are majorly organic sulfonic acids and contain azo, anthraquinone, triphenylmethane, nitro, and nitroso chromophoric groups. Their colors are generally bright, and the fastness to light and washing is generally good, depending on the chemical structure of the dyestuff.
- Direct Dyes: Direct dyes are soluble salts of complex sulfonic acids, including diazo or poly azo chemicals. These dyes do not require a mordant and the dyeing procedure is quite simple.
- Others: The others segment vat dyes and basic dyes.
- Pigments: Pigments are insoluble materials, usually in powder form, which add color to inks, paints, plastics, cosmetics, and food items. When used on textiles, the pigments require binders or other additives to attach to the fibers. Pigments can be derived from minerals as well as manufactured synthetically. Pigments are generally classified into organic and inorganic pigments.
- Inorganic Pigments: Inorganic pigments are chemical compounds based on oxide, oxide hydroxide, sulfide, silicate, sulfate, or carbonate and can be classified into four key groups, which are white pigments, black pigments (carbon black), colored pigments, and specialty pigments. These pigments have a larger average particle size compared to organic pigments and hence are opaque. Inorganic pigments held the larger share of the total pigments segment owing to the widespread use of these pigments in the plastics, paints coatings, construction, and paper industries.
- Organic Pigments: Organic pigments are mainly based on carbon, hydrogen, and nitrogen and are classified into three main groups, which are azo pigments, polycyclic pigments, and anthraquinone pigments. However, these pigments may also contain metallic (inorganic) elements that help stabilize the properties of the organic component. Generally, organic pigments have a lower covering power than inorganic pigments but exhibit higher color strength and gloss.
By End-Use Industry
- Textile: The growth of the infrastructure segment is primarily driven by the increasing investments by the governments of developing economies across the globe. Colorants are an extremely important aspect of modern textiles. The color of a textile product is a major factor in the marketing and use of that product. Dyes and pigments are used to impart color to a textile material with some degree of fastness or permanence. With the rising production of textile products, the demand for dyes pigments also increases.
- Paints Coatings: The growth of the paints coatings segment is majorly driven by the impetus provided by the growth of the residential sector in the developing economies. The rising residential and commercial construction, especially in India and China, due to the growing economies and population, the increasing government and private sector investments, the rising per-capita incomes, growing consumer spending, and the improving standard of living are together expected to boost the demand for paints coating products in the region and thus favor the growth of the segment in the years to follow.
- Printing Inks: The printing inks segment is one of the fastest-growing end-use industry segments in the global dyes pigments market. Printing inks are majorly used for screen printing, pad printing, and digital printing applications. Organic and inorganic pigments are used for the production of various printing inks such as offset inks, publication gravure inks, solvent-based packaging inks, water-based packaging inks, and decorative laminate inks.
- Leather: Leather dyeing involves the application of direct and acidic dyes, most often with mordant, in alkaline conditions. The leather used in apparel making, automotive products, as well as for footwear and other consumer products, requires overall dyeing. However, the leather industry is facing challenging environmental regulations and specific requirements regarding eco-efficiency and consumer safety. Thus, the demand for eco-friendly dyes pigments is increasing in this end-use industry segment.
- Plastics: In the plastics industry, inorganic pigments are such as metal oxides and sulphides, carbon black are largely used, as they get easily dispersed in the resin. There are mainly two methods of plastic coloring, which are external coloring and internal coloring. External coloring is a method of dyeing the surface of plastics. It applies to printing, coating, and plating. Internal coloring is a method of dyeing plastics by kneading colorants into them.
Plastic colorants not only enhance the aesthetic appearance of the plastic but also helps in improving usability and quality.
- Pulp Paper: Paper dyes are applied in papermaking furnishes to achieve precise shade and quality targets. Direct dyes are the preferred dye group and are ideal for providing deep, lasting color in printing and writing papers, graphic and specialty papers, paper board, hygiene papers, corrugated case materials, and decorative tissue paper grades. New applications such as carbonless papers/thermal papers are likely to provide opportunities in the market in the coming years.
- North America: The growth of the residential construction sector and the ongoing infrastructure development projects, primarily in the US, is the primary driver for regional market growth.
- Europe: Western European countries, including Germany, France, and Spain, are the major contributors to the regional market growth. The established building construction industry is expected to support the growth of the regional market during the forecast period. Stringent regulations pertaining to the use of synthetic dyes have been driving the demand for the natural dyes in the region.
- Asia-Pacific: Asia-Pacific is the largest and fastest-growing regional market for dyes pigments, with China and India being the leading country-level markets. China, India, Bangladesh, Thailand, and South Korea are the major textile and fabric producers in Asia-Pacific.
- Latin America: The booming construction sector in Mexico and Brazil and the expanding textile industry are likely to fuel the demand for dyes pigments in Latin America during the forecast period.
- Middle East Africa: The high growth potential of the textile industry and the expanding construction sector in the GCC countries is expected to propel the regional market growth during the forecast period.
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